为什么要购买柴油皮卡车?


There are a lot of decisions you’re going to have to make when you are thinking of buying a new 卡车, and one of the big ones these days is why should you consider buying a 柴油机 pickup 卡车? If you’re not familiar with the pros and cons of 柴油机-powered pickup 卡车s, I’m going to tell you all about them here so you can decide if 柴油机 is going to be for you.

If 您正在寻找皮卡 truck 凭借强大的动力和扭矩来应对最艰巨的牵引和拖曳作业, diesel is the perfect choice. Diesel engines burn fuel differently to gas engines, which means significantly more torque goes to the driveshaft for more direct power delivery. Trucks with 柴油机 engines can accelerate and maintain their power more easily than gas-powered pickups, which makes them better and more durable for heavy towing.

  • 领先的牵引能力
  • 领先的牵引能力
  • 可以承受持续大量使用的发动机
  • 比汽油驱动的同类产品更好的燃油经济性
  • 使用寿命比汽油同类产品更长的发动机

If you are going to be doing a lot of heavy towing you should buy a 柴油机 pickup 卡车 because it’s engine specifically designed for the job due to the extra torque it has over a gas equivalent. A lot of people think that’s the only reason you would want a 柴油机 engine under the hood of your 卡车, but there’s a little more to 柴油机 卡车s than just their towing capability.

What’s the main advantage of a 柴油机 pickup?

正如我刚才所说,人们购买的最普遍原因 diesel 卡车s is that 他们 are staggeringly good at towing, and that’s because 产生的扭矩大小。牵引的第一法则是更大 the job, the bigger the engine displacement you need, but gas and 柴油机 发动机具有非常不同的特性。牵引带来了很大的压力 on a 卡车’s engine, and the more torque you have available the less strain 将会放在引擎上

Diesel pickup 卡车s are capable of towing heavier trailers 比他们的燃气同行更长久,而且可以做到更多 经常。如果你有气 pickup 卡车 而你拖曳接近最大 在长途旅行中日复一日地对拖车进行评级,您将开始拥有 reliability issues way sooner than you would with a 柴油机. If you want to tow big and often, a 柴油机 pickup is the sensible choice.

Other advantages of 柴油机

Another reason a lot of commercial 卡车s have 柴油机 发动机的燃油经济性比汽油发动机好。根据 美国能源部,您可以预期将行驶里程提高30%至35% from a 柴油机-powered 卡车 than you’d get from a 卡车 equipped with a 可比的汽油机。如果您经营一家企业的业务大约是20,000 每年或更多英里 您要存的钱 可以加油 显着且显然有助于提高利润。

柴油发动机比汽油发动机需要更少的维护 引擎也是如此,当每一分钱都计入获利能力时,这是另一种推动力 业务。柴油比易碎的棘手零件少 火花点火式燃气发动机,因此火花塞或 分销商。但是,这并不意味着您可以忽略常规维护,并且 如果这样做,最终的问题可能会比它们更大,更昂贵。 可能是燃气发动机。

以及更好的拖曳,较低的维护和 more fuel-efficient than their gas equivalents, 柴油机 engines are also tougher 更耐用。在100,000英里处,燃气发动机的最佳日子是 definitely behind it, a 柴油机 engine is only just getting started. If you’re planning to keep your 卡车 for a long time and you’re going to be putting 每年里程表上的里程数都很可观, diesel. A further bonus of the durability of a 柴油机 engine pickup 卡车 is 也会有更好的 转售价值 than the same 卡车 with the same 引擎盖下有一个汽油发动机,里程表上的英里数就可以了。

2020雪佛兰Silverado柴油

那有什么缺点吗?

Like any piece of equipment, a 柴油机 pickup also has a few drawbacks that 在您尝试购买之前需要考虑 一。也许 the biggest issue buyers are likely to have with 柴油机 engines 在 pickups is they 花费更多的钱购买 比同一辆车如果有的话 a gas engine.

例如,要从中升级2019福特F-150 XLT 标准的3.3升汽油发动机到3.0升Power Stroke涡轮柴油发动机 additional $4,999 onto the asking price. That’s a lot to add to a 卡车 that 使用标准引擎的成本约为35,000美元,因此这是需要做出的决定 详细的思考。重型升级成本更高 像F-350一样,从标准的6.2升V-8汽油发动机升级而来 6.7升Power Stroke V-8涡轮柴油发动机的价格令人costs目结舌的9,120美元。

In theory, 柴油机 卡车s can be more difficult to start 在 极端寒冷的天气,尽管可以通过使用整体加热器来缓解 如果附近有电源插座。以我的经验,我几乎花了 ten years running nothing but 柴油机 4x4s, I never found starting a problem 即使温度远低于冰点。

As I’ve already mentioned, 柴油机 engines don’t develop as 与类似排量的燃气发动机相比,马力更大。像很多问题 with 柴油机 engines though, the gap between the horsepower of similar size gas and 柴油机 engines is not as big as it used to be and it’s narrowing all the time.

我要强调的另一个“问题”是 public perception of 柴油机 vehicles 在 America. Diesels are seen by many as 嘈杂,肮脏,有臭味,凌乱且不精致,如果您 were talking about 柴油机s of 25 years ago. On the other hand, some people who like the big, tough and rugged image that goes with large pickup 卡车s actually revel 在 the “outcast” image that 柴油机 sometimes conjures up.

环境悖论

您可能要考虑的其他事情是 environmental impact of a 柴油机 pickup, but this really is an area of 争论甚至环保主义者都不完全确定天然气是否 or 柴油机 engines are worse. Basically, it depends on what you consider to be 更大的邪恶;二氧化碳或有​​毒物质排放。

直到最近,欧洲各国政府还是 encouraging vehicle buyers to go for 柴油机s 在 stead of gas vehicles because 柴油将更少的二氧化碳排入大气。相信 自从我们开始直立行走时,二氧化碳是对人类的最大威胁。 物种,欧洲各国政府为 get buyers to choose 柴油机 as a means of hitting self-imposed targets for 降低二氧化碳排放量。

不幸的是,还有更多更危险和更危险的事情 things that come out of the tailpipe of a 柴油机 engine than CO2, but this was 由于政府的美德标志着二氧化碳而被忽视。现在已经指出 对于那些在欧洲道路上拥有一半以上车辆的政客 burning 柴油机 has been dangerously polluting the air, especially 在 cities. Now the 在 centives for buying 柴油机 have been withdrawn, and it’s actually 完全朝着其他方向发展,例如拥堵之类的惩罚性措施 charges are being 在 troduced to discourage the use of 柴油机. You really couldn’t make it 向上。

面对现实吧;除非您驾驶电动汽车或燃料电池, 您不想蹲下来呼吸一下排气管发出的声音 of a 柴油机 or a gas vehicle. Either way, 在 the US there has never been this “dash for 柴油机” that European governments rushed 在 to, so for the 暂时取决于您的良心和您对自己的看法 feel about driving a gas or 柴油机 pickup 卡车.

2020年Ram EcoDiesel

可用性

In the not-too-distant past, if you wanted a 柴油机 pickup 卡车,您几乎仅限于像福特这样的重型车型 超级职责及其竞争对手。这肯定会开始改变,而且大多数 the big players 在 the full-size, light-duty segment now offer a 柴油机 option, and you can even get a 柴油机 在 some midsize 卡车s.

If you fancy a 柴油机 full-size, light-duty pickup you can 从Ram 1500和Ford F-150中选择。公羊提供3.0升 拥有240马力和420磅-英尺的EcoDiesel V-6。的扭矩及其 最大牵引额定值为9,290磅,最大有效载荷为1,640磅。

不错,但是如果您想拖曳更多 light-duty pickup you’ll want to look to the Ford F-150. The Ford’s 柴油机 可选的还有3.0升V-6,但这一次它的输出功率为250马力,最大功率为440磅英尺。的 扭矩由您支配。由于福特F-150的轻巧结构 and aluminum body, the F-150 柴油机 can tow up to 11,400 pounds and haul up to 高达1,940磅。

For those who want a midsize 卡车 that tows more like a 全尺寸雪佛兰科罗拉多和相关的GMC峡谷配备2.8升Duramax inline-four 柴油机 option that develops 181 hp and 369 lb.-ft. of torque. The 这辆飞机的最大有效载荷是1,532磅,其最大牵引力 等级是7700磅。

燃油经济性

不幸的是,EPA没有发布燃油经济性等级 for heavy-duty 卡车s, so I can’t give you definitive comparisons between the gas and 柴油机 engine mileages of 卡车s like the Ford F-250, Ram 2500 and Chevy Silverado 2500HD. What I can tell you is the 柴油机 variants will get you 燃油经济性要比汽油等效物好,但这不会 差距特别大。

Things are different with full-size 卡车s, and the EPA does 发布这些评分。福特F-150可能是最佳起点 rear-drive models equipped with the Power Stroke 柴油机 are rated at 22 mpg 在 the city and 30 mpg on the highway. If you went for the same 卡车 with the 标准的3.3升汽油六缸发动机,然后EPA的数字降至19 mpg 在城市和25英里/加仑的高速公路上。

说到Ram 1500,它有点奇怪 the best EPA ratings 柴油机 versions can offer are 20 mpg 在 the city and 27 公路上的mpg,而3.6升汽油V-6的额定功率几乎与之相当 在城市为20英里/加仑,在高速公路上为26英里/加仑。原因是 拉姆(Ram)的V-6汽油现在温和 混合动力从电动汽车获得一点帮助 motor, so you’re unlikely to choose a Ram 1500 柴油机 on fuel economy alone.

福特动力冲程

The truth about 柴油机

It’s strange that while sales of 柴油机s are plummeting 在 a market like Europe where until recently 柴油机 was king, 在 America, things are going 在 entirely the opposite direction, at least 他们 are as far as 柴油机 pickup 卡车s are concerned anyway. The big difference is Americans have never liked 柴油机 cars and probably never will, but 他们 are definitely warming to the idea of 柴油机 pickup 卡车s.

In fact, 柴油机 engines are much more refined than many people outside the auto 在 dustry tend to realize these days. Yes, old 柴油机 engines were dirty and noisy, but today’s clean 柴油机s really do live up to their name 在某些情况下,它们实际上比气体等效物更清洁。

If your idea of a 柴油机 pickup is a vehicle with a clunky, 发动机的尼安德特人大声的引擎盖在引擎盖下喷出烟雾 of the tailpipe, you 真的需要 以类似 F-150。与过去几年的燃油燃烧器相比,它们确实是一个启示, 然后您会发现自己想知道为什么有人会考虑带任何东西的皮卡 but a 柴油机 under the hood anymore.

我会加一个警告。 Ram是第一家制造商 在其皮卡中引入任何混合技术 迄今为止尚未开发的潜力。零售市场上的混合动力汽车是 主要关注燃油效率,但如果您关注Formula的领域 1甚至是像保时捷918和迈凯轮P1这样的公路超级跑车,您都可以 看到混合技术也可以专注于惊人的性能。

您可能需要几年时间才能购买混合动力Silverado HD高1,000磅-英尺扭矩额定值,但这并不超出 possibility by any means. In the meantime though, you can get 柴油机 pickup 如此惊人的峰值扭矩的卡车,如果那是您的 应用程序要求。 

肖恩·库珀

前零售汽车行业专业人员近十年,现在是过去7年的汽车作家和记者

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